中英對照讀新聞》Project will test artificial breasts in hot springs 研究將測試人工乳房在溫泉中的反應

◎陳維真

Women who had mastectomies and have artificial breasts may have been reluctant about taking a dip in a Japanese onsen hot spring, uncertain what the hot waters might do to their prosthesis. But they may soon gain peace of mind, learning which waters pose no threat to their silicone breasts.

接受乳房切除手術、裝有人工乳房的婦女,因為不確定熱水對義乳會有何影響,過去或許不太願意泡日本溫泉。但不久後,她們將可知道,哪種泉水對矽膠製義乳不會造成威脅,也因此可以安心。

On Oct. 17, a project got under way, the first of its kind, to study possible changes in the color and shape of artificial breasts by soaking them in hot springs and other bathing facilities from Hokkaido to Kagoshima Prefecture. Components of thermal baths vary significantly from one to the next, possibly causing unanticipated problems for artificial breast users.

一項前所未有的計畫,在10月17日開始進行,這項計畫研究人工乳房泡在溫泉或其他沐浴設施時,顏色或形狀是否會改變,研究範圍北至北海道,南至鹿兒島。由於溫泉裡的成分差異相當大,可能讓人工乳房發生意想不到的問題。

Although both men and women can contract breast cancer, the overwhelming number of patients are women. The disease is most common in Japanese women in their 40s, and one in every 16 Japanese women develops breast cancer. According to the Artificial Breast Association in Nagoya, about 40,000 women undergo mastectomies, partially or completely, each year in Japan.

儘管男性和女性都有可能罹患乳癌,但女性患者明顯較多。在日本,乳癌最常發生在40歲的女性身上,每16名女性中就有1人罹患乳癌。名古屋的人工乳房協會指出,每年約有4萬名女性接受局部或完整乳房切除手術。

Although breast reconstruction surgery is increasingly becoming common, the demand for artificial breasts is growing as they cost less than reconstructive surgery and the process is less invasive to the body.

雖然乳房重建手術越來越普遍,但人工乳房的需求也持續增加,因為費用較便宜,也比乳房重建手術較不具侵入性。

新聞辭典:

pose a threat:片語,造成威脅。例句:Hurricane damage poses a major threat to many coastal communities.(颶風造成的損害對海岸附近的社區構成重大威脅。)

contract:動詞,感染(疾病)、得(病)。例句:Three people contracted AIDS.(有3人感染愛滋。)

invasive:形容詞,侵入性。例句:Face lift surgery is more invasive than other popular cosmetic procedures such as injections or fillers. (拉皮手術比注射或填充物等其他流行的整形手法更具侵入性。)

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